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Hat Glossary

Look up those terms you are not familiar with in the hat world. Maybe you would like a little more information on what type of hat you have or would like to purchase please do browse this hat glossary which we have compiled from our many years of hat knowledge.

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Ascot Cap: A structured, stiff cap based on the flat cap style, made from felt.
Army Cap: Casual version of the military's cap. Rounded crown and a curved peak.
Aviator Hat: Usually made from leather and similar to the trapper hat with long earflaps and a chinstrap. Often comes with goggles and is fur/sheepskin lined. Previously worn in open cockpit airplane in the early 20th century.
Boater Hats: A shallow crowned hat made from stiffened, braided straw with a flat brim. Worn at occasions such as the Henley Royal Regatta.
Bowler Hats: Designed by Locks of London for Sir William Coke in 1850, the traditional bowler has a stiff oval shaped crown and a narrow brim with the egdes turned up. Usually made from either wool felt or fur felt. Also referred to as the Derby Hat.
Baseball Caps: Casual wear cap, worn by both sexes. Made from 6-8 panels, with a curved or flattened peak and usually has a button on top.
Beret: Often made from wool and felt, the beret is a rounded cap with a flat crown and varies in width.
Beanie Hats: A prodominately winter hat which has is rounded and close fitting to the head. Often made from wool or a wool/cotton mix.
Beaver Fur Felt: Widely used from the 14th to 17th century to make top hats , occasionally used in general hats today and in particular American Western hats.
Bicorne: The Bicorne the predessosor to the tricorne was incredibly similar, except that the bicorne had 2 points one on either side. It was widely used in military uniform.
Bonnet: A soft head covering for ladies, fastened under the chin, popular in the 19th century.
Breton Hat: Classic womens hat with the brim evenly turned up all the way round.
Brim: The projected part of the hat from the base of the crown.
Busby: A small fur hat used in the military.
Blocking: The term blocking is used to describe the process used to mould a hats shape.
Bakerboy Cap: Similar to the popular newsboy cap, eight panels with a button top with the bakerboy having a deeper, fuller fit and look. A very popular style of cap for women.
Cap: Close fitting piece of headwear with a peak. Vast range of styles from flat caps to baseball caps.
Cloche Hat: Narrow brimmed, bell shaped ladies hat which was very popular in the 1920's.
Coke Hat: The original name of what we now call the bowler hat.
Cossack: Mostly made with fur, sheepskin or occasionally felt. Originating from Russia this hat is wider than the head in circumference, worn by both sexes.
Cowboy Hat: Hat widely worn in the American midwest by cattle hearders, traditionally has a tall crown with a center crease, the brim is rolled at the sides.
Crown: This reffers to the top section of hats.
Cocktail Hat: A small miniture version of a hat for women, usually worn towards the front of the head.
Crinoline: A stiff, course fabric usually made of cotton. Used in millinery mainly for fascinators or hat trimming.
Chapka: Hat worn by 19th-century Polish cavalry, consisting of a high, four-pointed cap with regimental insignia on the front.
Cheese Cutter Cap: Another name for the flap cap.
Derby Hat: Another name for the bowler hat.
Deer Stalker: A hunting hat made famous by the fictitional character Sherlock Holmes. This hat has peaks and the front and back with ear flaps which can be tied on top of the crown.
Duckbill Cap: The duckbill cap is very similar to the flat cap except it has a contoured crown which is more rounded. Narrow peak identical to that of a flat cap
Disc Fascinator: Typically a round disc made from sinamay mounted on to a headband. Made in various widths and trimmed with feathers, quills and various materials.